Know the Main Types of Fern

You’ve probably noticed that there are several types of ferns , haven’t you? After all, green plays an important role in the decoration of homes or establishments. Even if that “bunch of green” looks the same, it is not!

In fact, there are over 12,000 species of fern in the world. Although impressive, this is not unbelievable, especially when we discover that this plant has been on the planet for over 350 million years. This is the same period that researchers say fungi originated — amazing, isn’t it?

As there are many types of fern in the world, it is impossible to talk about all of them in this content. So let’s tell you what are the main features. So, you get to know them a little bit and choose the species of fern that best matches your home decor, what do you think? If you found this idea interesting, continue reading the following content.

1. American fern

The first type that we are going to present is one of the most cultivated in Pak: the American fern ( Nephrolepis exaltata ). You’ve probably already seen it somewhere, after all, the light green color of the large leaves that grow in all directions is unmistakable.

Even those who have this large fern, which grows up to 60 cm, tend to put it in a hanging vase at home. This adds an extra touch of elegance to the decor, as the heavy leaves hang down, creating a veil.

Remember that if you want to have this type of fern at home, you need to look for a place with shade and strong winds. That’s because, even though it likes the heat, it doesn’t tend to bloom in direct sunlight .

2. Maidenhair fern

This time, what do you think about knowing one of the types of ornamental fern? So, let’s find out more about the maidenhair fern ( Adiantum capillus-veneris ), the right choice for those who enjoy gardening and indoor decoration.

In addition to being an incredible “addition” for your home decor, this plant has medicinal properties, as it is a diuretic, antioxidant, expectorant and laxative. Just like the example above, it also grows up to 40 cm tall. To reach that size, remember to leave it in the shade, always avoiding the open air.

3. French lace fern

Even though the foliage of this type is thinner, the French lace fern ( Rumohra adiantiformis ) is very resistant and has stems that are as thick as a thumb. However, this is not what draws attention, but the height of more than 1 m and the age of 20 years.

If you are going to choose this plant, an important tip is not to water it frequently or leave it in direct contact with the sun. That way, you take care of her with the utmost care.

4. Amazon fern

The Amazon fern ( Polypodium decumanum ) is a large plant, with wide and long leaves.

Also, it grows very quickly, so don’t be scared! It is possible to find some up to 1 m long in ornamental decorations, after all, it draws a lot of attention.

Even with the differences, care is not so different. If you are going to take care of this plant, water it frequently, but do not leave the soil soaked, keeping it in partial shade and available in strong winds.

5. Subway Fern

Looking for a big version? Then the tube fern (Polypodium persicifolium) is just what you’re looking for. After all, it is the largest of all fern types in the world.

Also known as crybaby, it has leaves that can reach an incredible 2 m in length. Because of this, it is popular with decorators, used in the creation of green spaces on balconies, living rooms and even garages.

The preference is to have it in a hanging vase to let the leaves grow freely. However, it is also possible to plant it in treetops, as long as it has partial shade on site.

6. Asplenium fern

The asplenium fern ( Asplenium nidus ) is a plant option for those who don’t have much space at home, after all the leaves grow upwards. However, make no mistake, because it reaches up to 1 m in height.

If you’re thinking about having it at home, here’s a tip: if the winter is too intense where you live, remember to put it inside the home. That’s because she doesn’t support temperatures below 16°C.

7. Jamaica fern

Despite its name, the jamaica fern ( Phymatosorus scolopendria ) is originally from India. She is a strong plant, as the branches are rooted in the earth and tend to grow horizontally.

Did you even know that this is one of the types of fern that grows a lot? It reaches up to 70 cm in height, impressing at first sight. Amazing, isn’t it?

Leave a Comment