Peppers are native to warmer regions, and studies say that the first record of consumption in the world was more than 9,000 years ago, there are reports that they were first used by indigenous people. Anyone who likes this plant must have wondered how to plant sweet pepper .
To harvest great peppers, you need a healthy and organized garden . It is also necessary to understand that cultivation care begins with choosing the soil, the substrate and the location of the pots or land, as well as defining the frequency of watering. All this makes possible a variety of plantings in your garden.
What is chili pepper?
Pepper is widely found in the following states: Bahia, Tocantins, Goiás and Minas Gerais. When it is mature, the color is red or yellow, and the plant has a medium degree of burning. This option is super smelling and is approximately 4 cm. Normally, it is used as an accompaniment to feijoada.
The plant has a round shape. Also, when it is split in half, it is possible to see several seeds. This spice is widely used in cooking due to its striking flavor. For those who want to enjoy the benefits, learning how to plant sweet pepper will be great.
Discover some health benefits of chili pepper
Consuming sweet pepper and other versions of the plant is very good for the health of the body. Her properties assist in the release of endorphins, considered natural painkillers produced by the brain. It also helps to reduce headaches and migraines.
Another benefit of consuming peppers is the aid in digestion, as they cause the anti-flatulence effect. Studies say that, in addition to providing good circulation in the stomach, they have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant potential, contributing to anti-aging.
Care you need to know before planting pepper: light and temperature
Learning how to plant sweet pepper means knowing the conditions for good planting. Starting with the brightness, whether in vases or in flower beds, these plants like sun for a good part of the day, as they need heat. They prefer temperatures from 16ºC to 35ºC.
Their development is better in the warmer regions of the country. For the pepper plant to grow healthy and strong, it needs heat. Therefore, planting time should preferably take place in summer.
Taking care of the soil and watering
To be successful in the cultivation of sweet pepper, you need to understand the soil. It should not be compact, but light, loose and draining. This tip applies to most garden plants. Even the ground of the pepper tree must be rich in organic matter and have a neutral pH, but it tolerates between 4.5 and 8.
As peppers like a lot of heat, a tip regarding watering is that it should be frequent. This is because, due to the heat, the soil dries quickly. So it needs to be kept moist. However, it is important not to overdo it, as this can rot the roots and kill the foot.
How to plant sweet pepper in pots
After all, how to plant sweet pepper in a vase ? Know that this plant is resistant and grows very well in containers, not just in beds. Planting must be done with seeds. It is important to let them dry in the sun for three days before planting.
With the soil prepared, bury the dry seed in a disposable cup, about 4 cm from the surface. Water once a day until germination. When the plant sprouts, it’s time to transfer it to a larger pot, which can be medium or large in size. Did you see how simple it is to plant sweet pepper?
Taking care of the drainage of the vase
Knowing how to plant sweet pepper also means taking care of soil drainage. This is important to protect the soil and roots from possible drying out. In addition, this care preserves life in the soil. To do this, it is possible to use expanded clay.
It serves as a covering and decoration. The material can also be placed on top of the soil to “cover” it or poured into the bottom of the pot. In addition to facilitating drainage, expanded clay acts as a nutrient reserve, facilitating healthy life in the soil.
Harvesting can be done 60 to 120 days after the peppers grow. For this it is important to check that the coloring indicates that the plant is mature. The sweet pepper must be harvested when it is yellow or red. Typically, the process takes place annually.
It is important to remember that the safest way to harvest peppers is with the use of gloves, especially for species with a higher heat. In addition to skin injuries, they can cause discomfort in more sensitive regions, such as nose, mouth and eyes.
A great tip for planting in pots or flowerbeds is to use a wooden stake as a support for the stem. This helps the vertical growth of the pepper tree and prevents the plant from bending in the development process.